The very first site in the world
The world’s first site info.cern.ch appeared in 1990. Its creator, Tim Berners-Lee, published on it a description of the new technology of the World Wide Web, based on the HTTP data transfer protocol, the URI addressing system and the HTML hypertext markup language. Also on the site were described the principles of installation and operation of servers and browsers. The site became the world’s first online catalog, as Tim Berners-Lee later posted a list of links to other sites on it.
You can still log on to the site itself, created in the Swiss CERN. The site was not available for many years, but last year it was restored – http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html
The creator of the first browser was the developer of hypertext markup, the “father” of the World Wide Web technology, Tim Berners-Lee. The browser was called WorldWideWeb. Later, not to confuse the “World Wide Web” with the name of the program, Berners-Lee renamed the browser to Nexus.
According to legend, Berners-Lee wrote WorldWideWeb for 2 months and finished work on the first day of Christmas 1990 (December 25). Then he worked as a junior researcher at the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva (CERN). At this time, CERN was one of the largest nodes of the Network, and in Berners-Lee there were all possibilities to integrate the Internet with hypertext markup technology, which he started working on in the early 80’s.
Tim Berners-Lee used to create his browser NeXT computer running the operating system NeXTStep. “I wrote the program on a NeXT computer. The advantage was the availability of good tools, writes Berners-Lee in his blog. – In fact, in a couple of months I did something that would take more than a year on other platforms, since a lot has already been done on NeXT. Here was the application builder, so that all the menus could be done quickly, all the software elements for working in WYSIWYG mode (what you see is what you get, with the ability to see the result in the design process). I need only add hypertext. ”
WorldWideWeb allows you to browse the web, and edit and update them on websites. It was a text browser capable of displaying only letters and numbers. The image shows a screenshot of a later version of the browser (1993). In contrast, the first WorldWideWeb was black and white, and the CERN and other icons were opened in separate windows.
The first browser supported the protocols FTP and TCP, the DNS system and allowed to navigate to other Internet pages by links. WorldWideWeb is written in Objective-C. Both the product itself and its code were freely available.